Levulinic Acid from Cow Dung

Levulinic acid is a platform chemical with significant potential to substitute petroleum-based products in the chemical and fuel sectors. Agricultural waste, cow dung, was used as feedstock for the production of a high value–added chemical levulinic acid (LA) in dilute acid aqueous solutions. Researchers from “Agro-Environmental Protection Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences” developed a…Read more Levulinic Acid from Cow Dung

Closing In on Butanol for Biofuel

Butanol is the go-to industrial solvent for products such as lacquers and enamels, but it might also play a substantial role in the production of renewable fuels. Gallon for gallon, it has 30 percent more energy than ethanol and only around 4 percent less energy than a gallon of petroleum-based gasoline. DalinYebo's insight: Great alternative…Read more Closing In on Butanol for Biofuel

Carbon-Carbon Coupling Reactions of Furan and Furfural (liquid transportation fuels)

Abstract: Upgrading of furan and small oxygenates obtained from the decomposition of cellulosic materials via formation of carbon-carbon bonds is critical to effective conversion of biomass to liquid transportation fuels. Simulation-driven molecular level understanding of carbon-carbon bond formation is required to design efficient catalysts and processes. Accurate quantum chemical methods are utilized here to predict…Read more Carbon-Carbon Coupling Reactions of Furan and Furfural (liquid transportation fuels)

Efficient Solid Acid Catalyst for the Production of Furfurals

Self-assembled nanoparticulates of porous sulfonated carbonaceous TiO2 material that contain Brønsted and Lewis acidic sites were prepared by a one-pot synthesis method. The carbonaceous heterogeneous catalyst (Glu-TsOH-Ti) with a Brønsted-to-Lewis acid density ratio of 1.2 and more accessible acid sites was effective to produce 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural from biomass-derived mono- and disaccharides and xylose in…Read more Efficient Solid Acid Catalyst for the Production of Furfurals

Lignocellulosic Biomass into a Jet Fuel

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels—fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil-based biodiesel—into the transportation pool. DalinYebo's insight: Furfural has a ±20% higher BTU content than Ethanol! It is a rocket fuel. (dalinyebo.com/biofuels). See on http://www.azocleantech.com, via Scoop.it - Furfural and its many By-products    

Carving out a future for biomass conversion to jet fuel

A pioneering study has proposed a new integrated method for producing aviation fuels from woody feedstock by considering all downstream processing stages and carrying out a detailed economic analysis. Lignocellulose, a raw material in biomass, can be converted to biofuels and is often considered a long-term alternative to the diminishing supply of fossil fuels. The conversion process…Read more Carving out a future for biomass conversion to jet fuel

Rethinking Biofuel Yields

According to new research from Michigan State University (MSU), focusing solely on biomass yield comes at a high price. Looking at the big picture allows other biofuel crops, such as perennial ... DalinYebo's insight: The big picture of biorefining is all about finding The-Right-Balance™ (dalinyebo.com/the-right-balance). Yields are also not as important for the biomass processing!…Read more Rethinking Biofuel Yields

Furfuryl alcohol to ethyl levulinate

Conversion of furfuryl alcohol to ethyl levulinate using porous aluminosilicate acid... DalinYebo's insight: A smart pathway to get to ethyl levulinate (EL), another (next generation - drop-in) biofuel. EL has an oxygen content of 33%. For example: a blend of 20% EL, 70% petroleum diesel and 1% co-additive has a 6.9% oxygen content, resulting in…Read more Furfuryl alcohol to ethyl levulinate

Mixtures containing 2,5-dimethylfuran and furfuryl alcohol

The vapour-liquid equilibria of the pure components, furfuryl alcohol .. along with the binary mixtures (2,5-dimethylfuran + furfuryl alcohol), .. were investigated.     DalinYebo's insight: 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF) is a (next generation) biofuel. It is also part of the "caramel" flavour and found in cigarette smoke. Furfuryl alcohol has been used as rocket-fuel. See http://bit.ly/1d7F6rW.…Read more Mixtures containing 2,5-dimethylfuran and furfuryl alcohol

An Opinion: It’s the feedstock, dummy!

"So, It is time we rebuild this industry and put aside the false claims, the tree-hugging propaganda of food x fuel, replacing oil, ILUC, blabla, the lack of interest in anything considered 'agricultural', etc. We have to start from the very bottom, and that is the choosing of a feedstock to be used as a…Read more An Opinion: It’s the feedstock, dummy!